Ralph de Mitton, a fifth generation descendant of Ralph the Red; “held the manor of Mitton in 1284 under the Earl of Lincoln until the death of Henry de Lacy, 3rd. Earl of Lincoln in 1311. It was later granted it to Thomas Le Surreys or Sotheron by 1312 who settled the manor by fine upon himself for life with remainder to his sons Thomas and Adam and there “heirs in tail”. History of Craven; Whitaker
The Mitton manor was in the “liberty” of the Lord of Bowland. This was subsumed into what became eventually the Duchy of Lancaster in 1351. On the death of the paramount lord Henry de Lacy (2), the 3rd. Earl of Lincoln Feb. 5, 1311. His only surviving daughter Alice was married to Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster. The de Lacy lands upon Henry de Lacy`s death due lack of a male de Lacy heir thus went to his son in law Thomas Plantagenet. Both of Henry’s sons had died tragically, including one having reputedly fallen off his fathers castle at Pontefract. Thomas as Earl of Lancaster and married to Henry de Lacy`s only heir. As part pledging his daughter Ann to Thomas Plantagenet Henry granted Thomas a life estate upon his death. Thus Thomas Plantagenet inherited the de Lacy barony a life estate rather than through his wife by primogenitor. This combined with Thomas Plantagenet already extensive lands as the Earl of Lancaster made him the largest land owning (5 Earldoms) Baron in England. Twice the next largest Barron and along with it the military resources to rival his nemesis and 1st cousin King Edward ll.
The death of Henry de Lacy, 3rd. Earl of Lincoln in 1311 coincides with the demise of the de Mittons as Lords of their manors due to the lost blood connection to any male successor de Lacy’s as Lords of Bowland. The de Mitton lands were part of that Liberty but after 1311 came under a new superior Lord, Thomas Plantagenet in that feudal system. That resulted in the de Mittons being replaced as manor lords by 1312 by the new Lord, Thomas Plantagenet. His wife Alice de Lacy, even as a de Lacy, would have no say to keep the de Mittons as manor lords under the life estate granted to Thomas Plantagenet by Henry de Lacy upon his death
Other de Mittons after 1312 continued to hold lands in the area as documented by the transfer of deed to Stonyhurst (in Aighton) by Cecily and Emma de Mitton to their cousin John de Bailey in 1362, However, no “Lord of the Manor” ever resided at Mitton Manor from 1312 on. The manor eventually came to be held by the Aspinall family in the 19th century. Many other de Mittons continued to reside in the Clitheroe to Craven area as documented in the Clitheroe Court Rolls (over 30). Other descendant de Mittons are recorded in the Bishops Rolls beginning in 1538 in the Craven area about 40 miles to the north east. They were residing near the Ribble river as of late 18th. and early 19th. centuries. Many within the same diocese lands first established by Ralph the Red parish lands from 1103.
The remodeled (2014) Aspinall Arms below in Great Mitton on Mitton Road in the very heart of Great Mitton. Note; Great Mitton Hall and Mytton Church are to the left in the background across the Ribble River.
The “Black Death”
One explanation for the de Mitton`s migration to the Craven area 40 miles to the northeast of Great Mitton could be the effect of the plague of 1348 that devastated Europe. This wiped out huge populations and made labor much more valuable because there were fewer people to work the land.Thus the “feudal” system could not be sustained and scarce labor became competitive. Manors had to compete for workers and this often meant the former serfs could go to other manors for better compensation. This greater freedom of competitive worker compensation ended the old feudal protective dependence and hierarchy under the Norman feudal manor system. It is not known how much effect this had on this area but the feudal system began its decline as a result of the repetitive plagues over time.
Pendle Hill below from the garden grounds of Great Mitton Hall manor site.